Monday, 5 October 2015

Wooden Flooring: History of Flooring From across the World

Earthen Floor [since the beginning of time]
Hard-packed dirt, topped with thin layer of straw for warmth and comfort. In medieval times, almost all peasants housing had earthen floors. It was predominant in most houses until the mid-14th century in Europe.

Earthen floors have been developed and are now used as a part of a 'green building' movement. Linseed oil is used to seal the floor and protect it from wear and tear.

Where can you find it now...?
The Roman Amphitheater, London

Stone Floor [since the beginning of time]
Formed deep beneath the surface under intense heat and pressure. This heat and pressure created massive blocks of natural stones like marble, granite, limestone, slate and travertine used then and now as flooring.

Enormous blocks of limestone and granite were used to construct Step Pyramids in Egypt, the oldest remaining structures created entirely out of natural stones..

Where can you find it now...?
The Great Pyramid, Giza

Concrete Floor [created 5600 BC]
A mixture of broken stone or gravel, sand, cement and water, which can be spread and poured into molds and forms a stone like mass on hardening.

The ancient Romans used a material that is remarkably close to modern cement to build many of their architectural marvels, such as Colosseum, Rome.

Where can you find it now...?
The Roman Pantheon, Rome

Carpet Floor [created 5000 BC]
A floor covering made of thick woven fabric. Carpets were primarily used to decorate walls or tables until Persian rugs became popular in Europe in the early 17th century.

A few hundred years later, the United States carpet industry came into being when William Sprague started the first woven carpet mill in Pennsylvania in 1971.

Where can you find it now...?
The Pazyryk Carpet

Ceramic Tiles [created 4000 BC]
A tile made from clay that has been permanently hardened by heat, often having a decorative glaze. The Romans introduced tile-making in Western Europe as they occupied territories. However, the art was eventually forgotten in Europe for centuries until the 12th century when Cistercian monks developed a method of making encaustic floor tiles with inlaid patterns for cathedral and church floors.

Tiles were not made again in Europe until almost the mid-19th century.

Where can you find it now...?
The Vatican, Rome

Hardwood Floor [created 1600 AD]
The wood from a broadleaved tree (such as oak, ash or beech) as distinguished from that of conifers. Hardwood got its start as unfinished planks supported by wooden joists over dirt or stone but developed style and elegance during the Baroque Era (1625-1714).

European parquet floors began to appear in the wealthiest American homes late in the Victorian era (1840-1910) when factories began mass-producing wood floors. The advent of tongue and groove construction in the Edwardian Era (1901-1914) allowed planks to be levelled before installation for a more polished, uniform look, and the look we are still familiar with today began to take shape.

Where can you find it now...?
The Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg

Linoleum/Vinyl Floor [created 1855 AD]
A material consisting of a canvas backing thickly coated with a preparation of linseed oil and powdered cork, used especially as a floor covering.

Linoleum or vinyl flooring had its heyday before World War II but is steadily mounting a comeback. Linoleum was invented by English Fredrick Walton. In 1855, Walton happened to notice the rubbery, flexible skin of solidified linseed oil (linoxyn) that had formed on a can of oil-based paint.

Where can you find it now...?
The Armstrong Pattern Book

Engineered Hardwood Floor [created 1960 AD]
A layered combination that combines a hardwood veneer and plywood substrates.

Engineered hardwood flooring started as 'wood carpeting' in 1903, involving wood strips glued onto heavy canvas. The flooring we now know began in 1960s, and was quickly considered more versatile than solid wood flooring.

Where can you find it now...?
Found in typical family homes

Laminate Flooring [created 1970 AD]
A Multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process. Laminate flooring simulates wood (or sometimes stone) with a photographic applique layer under clear protective layer. The inner core layer is usually composed of melamine resin and fiber board materials.

Laminate flooring was invented in 1977 by the Swedish company Perstorp.

Where can you find it now...?
Found in budget conscious homes

Leaders Floors [About Us]
At Leaders Floors, we deliver top quality and customized solutions for Interior and Exterior Flooring Concepts. We have a wide range of products and designs to choose from, manufactured using best technology in the world. We have developed unique abilities with vast product knowledge and trade experience of offering right service and value for money to our clients.

Customer Care: 98710.71222

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